Mental Health, Diseases, and Disorders

Mental health refers to behavioral, cognitive, and emotional well-being. It is all about how people feel, think, and behave. Sometimes this term can be used to refer to the absence of mental disorders. Mental health affects people in many different ways which include daily living, relationships, a sudden change to your behavior, and your physical health. Taking care of your mental health helps you enjoy your life joyously. It devoids your life of all the happiness and the happy moments that you will cherish in your future life.

But what does mental health means?

According to WHO, mental health is a state of well-being in which a person realizes his or her capabilities, can cope with the normal depressions and stresses of life, can work productively, and can communicate and contribute to his or her community.

What are how our mental health can be affected? What gives rise to mental disorders and diseases? Let’s have look at all the possible reasons.

Risk factors for mental health conditions-

Everyone has some risk of developing mental disorders, no matter what their sex is, what their ethnicity is, or how much they earn annually.

Conditions such as stress, anxiety, and depression can all affect mental health and can ruin a person’s happy life. These conditions may develop due to underlying, life-changing physical health problems, such as diabetes, ¬†cancer, and chronic pain. Moreover, social and financial conditions, biological factors, and lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health and a happy life. The following are some factors that may contribute to mental health disruptions.

Continuous social and economic pressure

Having a poor family background, limited financial means, or belonging to a marginalized ethnic group can increase the risk of mental health disorders.

Modifiable factors for mental health disruptions include socioeconomic conditions, occupation, education, and housing quality wherever non-modifiable factors include gender, age, and ethnicity

Biological factors

The NIMH study suggests that genetic family history can lead to the underlying conditions of mental health disorders. The affected genes from an affected individual can be inherited by his/her progenies that may cause mental health diseases.

Anxiety disorders

According to ADA(Anxiety and Depression Association) of America, anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illnesses. Most people with such disorder will try to avoid exposure to whatever is the cause of their anxiety. Examples of this disorder include

GAD(Generalised Anxiety Disorders)

The APA defines GAD as a disproportionate worry that disrupts one’s mental health. People might also experience physical symptoms such as restlessness, tense muscles, fatigue, and interrupted sleep.

Panic disorders

People with this disorder experience regular panic attacks, which involve instant fear or a sense of imminent death.

Phobias

There are three different types of phobias –

  • Simple phobias – It involves the fear of specific objects, scenarios, or animals. The phobia of spiders is the best example.
  • Social phobias – It is also referred to as social anxiety sometimes. People experiencing social phobias often restrict their exposure to the social environment.
  • Agoraphobia – It refers to the fear of situations in which going away may be difficult, such as being on a moving train or in an elevator.OCD(Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)

People experiencing OCD have obsessions and compulsions. It means that they experience constant stressful thoughts with an urge to do the same things over and over again, such as hand washing.

Mood Disorders

It can also be referred to as affective disorders or depressive disorders. People with these conditions have changes in mood. Mania is the most common example which refers to a period of high energy or elation. Example of mood disorders include –

Major depression

A person suffering from this disorder experiences a constant low mood and loses interest in events and activities that they previously used to play joyfully. They can feel extreme or prolonged periods of sadness.

Bipolar disorder

A person with this disorder experiences unusual changes in their mood, energy levels, and ability to continue with daily life. Periods of low mood are known as depressive phases while that of high mood are known as manic phases.

Having known most of the common causes of mental health disorders, now look at how can all these be taken care of? How can we prevent our loved ones from mental illness?

There are several ways of managing mental health problems. Treatments are highly individual and can be successful in combination with other strategies. Most of the very successful treatments include psychotherapy, medication, and self-help. These treatments help persons suffering from mental illness acquire a quality life for themselves as well as for their families.

The future remains optimistic for those who struggle with their illnesses. We are sure that advancements in the treatment of disorders will bring hope and relief to the people, affected by these disorders.

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